Finally, spring! And few things reflect the newness of life more than the flowers in bloom.\nFlowers have always held an important role in Japanese culture. From fabrics to family crests, interior accents in homes and hotels, delicate ceramic dishes, even city sewer covers, flowers adorn and impart special meaning to everyday objects.\nCherry blossoms are the most well-known of Japan’s blooms but there are a handful of other flowers that carry significance in Japanese society like the imperial chrysanthemum, which represents nobility and longevity, the plum blossom for fidelity (and some varieties that produce “ume” fruit which is brewed into delicious plum sake) and the red camellia for love. Flowers also played a role in societal expectations as women were once expected to be knowledgeable in “Ikebana” (Japanese flower arrangement) and the tea ceremony. Such expectations are no longer the norm in modern-day Japan but “Hanakotoba” (the secret language of flowers) continues to find its way among artists, nature lovers and sake brewers.\n\n“Yayoi asukayama hanami” (Third Lunar Month, Blossom Viewing at Asuka Hill) woodcut print by Kitao Shigemasa, between 1772 and 1776, courtesy of the Library of Congress. Three women and a man are likely enjoying warmed sake at a cherry blossom viewing party at Asukayama Park.\n\nHow do flowers fit into sake production?\nYou might recall that only a few ingredients are used in sake brewing: water, rice, koji and yeast. The last ingredient, sake yeast, greatly contributes to the aroma components of sake. In other words, our experience of aromas (floral, fruity, ricey or other) comes down to the type of yeast used in the brewing process.\nEvery strain of sake yeast produces its own characteristics. The Brewing Society of Japan, established in 1906, has the largest collection of yeast strains which are distributed to licensed breweries. Some specialty strains are cultivated and used exclusively by prefectures, breweries and research centers to produce their unique sake.\nOne of the most exciting discoveries by a professor at the Tokyo University of Agriculture is “hanakobo,” the use of wild yeast isolated from flower nectar to brew sake. This epic milestone has led to a gorgeous array of specialty sake with unique aromas and flavors using isolated yeasts from strawberry, hibiscus, azalea, marigold, even the queen of the night flower that blooms only once a year! Who knew agriculture could be so cool or that science could help expand our world of sake!\nRecently, we invited a small group of friends over for lunch at our house, some of whom we hadn’t seen in several months due to the pandemic. It was such a nice time to catch up and reconnect with each other. Here are the four sake we tried and recommend this spring.\n\nTasting a few different sake on the same occasion is a great way to begin comparing and learning about the nuances between aromas and flavors.\n\n1. Kamikokoro “Tokagen” Shiboritate\n“Shiboritate” is the new-new! Meaning “freshly squeezed,” shiboritate is described as sake that is available immediately after pressing (read more about the First Sake of the Year). As we chatted over our floral centerpieces and baskets, we were delighted to see the guys partake in the fun, too–it might’ve been the sake that attracted them to hang around!\nKamikokoro Brewing Company is the only brewery that uses white peach yeast to brew sake, and “Tokagen” Shiboritate is a seasonal release made in limited quantities so we were very lucky to be able to get our hands on it. Paired with soft brie, rosemary crackers and shrimp cocktail, it was juicy and bright like spring sunshine, and a nice aperitif for our gathering. This was my first time trying shiboritate sake and I can’t wait to explore more!\n\nSteven applies the final touch to his wife Jessica’s pretty flower arrangement.\n\n2. Heiwa “KID” Junmai Daiginjo\nWe then moved to Heiwa “KID” Junmai Daiginjo, which was slightly drier than the first sake but equally enjoyable. Although not made with flower yeast (I chose it for its pink and pretty design), it has notes of white flower and a fruity and floral aroma. This sake is brewed Kyokai Yeasts 901 and 1801, both known for producing ethyl caproate which gives off a green apple aroma. I’d love to try this with raw oysters, too, for its light and dry nature.\n\nJackie and Ann explore the details on the back label.\n\n\nWe appreciated how much information there was on this label about the sake and the brewery.\n\n\nWatching Khanh work the stove as I enjoy my glass of sake.\n\n3. Joto “One with the Clocks”\nWe really enjoyed Joto “One with the Clocks” with our lunch of Korean bulgogi and kimchi. Made with their own proprietary apple yeast, this sake was very smooth and elegant. The apple notes complemented the bulgogi meat both in flavor and texture by offering a soft mouthfeel. At first glance, the bottle looks bold with its black and gold design, but it expresses the 72 hours it takes to mill the rice; a very arduous and careful process. This is a lovely sake to drink after a long winter and be reminded of the gift of spring.\n\nErin, Alen and Ann agree that Korean bulgogi and sake is a yummy combination.\n\n\nA happy spring gathering of friends!\n\n4. Amabuki “Himawari”\nThe lunch party was over, but we had one more sake to try from Amabuki Brewing Company of Saga prefecture. This brewery is specially known for making all their sake with flower yeast (be sure to try Amabuki “Strawberry,” a playful pairing for chocolate, and Amabuki “Gin no Kurenai,” aka “Pink Lady” for its pink hue that comes from the use of ancient black rice).\nAmabuki “Himawari” (meaning “sunflower”) is brewed with sunflower yeast and intended for warm weather days. Although it can be served at any point in a meal like the others in its line, I enjoyed it more after giving it a chance to breathe. This might’ve been due to it being a “namazake” or unpasteurized sake which usually has bolder flavors (different from “nigori” or “cloudy sake”). We enjoyed it with a fresh salad and crab cake.\n\nThis sake is good to have on hand for the warm weather days ahead.\n\nThis sake’s dry profile had me craving for savory chicken yakitori, and I also look forward to trying it with other seafood dishes and blue cheese as recommended by Tippsy’s tasting notes. At the same time, it reminded me of a London floral gin so we tried it with lychee fruit and mint for a refreshing afternoon drink. I’d love to experiment with it as a base for sake-inspired cocktails, too.\n\nAdding a small fruit or garnish is another way to discover something new about the sake.\n\nHave you tried sake brewed with flower yeast? Which spring sake are your favorites and what kinds of food do you like to pair them with? Let us know at #tippsysake!